Treatment for Dementia is the topic of my discussion today on What is Dementia. I think the topic of treatment for dementia is very important to us all know.
A person with dementia should receive immediate medical attention to be properly treated. Do not get left alone because they are considered as part of the normal aging process.
Treatment depends on the cause of dementia, some conditions can be recovered, but most are not able to recover as usual. Nevertheless, the process of mental deterioration can be delayed and maintained in optimum condition when dementia is diagnosed and treated. Therapy in patients with dementia are aimed at enhancing memory and concentration to reduce psychological disorders, such as depression, anxiety, agitation, delusions, hallucinations, and insomnia.
In addition, therapy can help maintain the quality of life of people with dementia by utilizing the remaining capacity optimally. Currently available medications and patient care support facilities such as clinics neurorehabilitasi cognitive dementia, elderly care homes, Alzheimer's Association, etc..
In caring for patients with dementia is very important the role of the nurse. Is he a family member or a paid staff, it must have adequate knowledge about dementia and willing to learn continue to find ways to be effective in caring for patients. Nurses need to discuss and consult with the doctor treating the patient so that it can be made an appropriate treatment program.
Provision of anti-dementia drugs in the early phase of dementia will be more obvious benefits than severe dementia phase. Therefore diagnosed the sooner is the better treatment outcomes. Sometimes people are afraid to know the actual conditions, and delay seeking medical help. Mental state examination and routine cognitive evaluation (6 months) is highly recommended for people who are about 60 years old in order to immediately know if there is cognitive decline leading to dementia, and can be done immediately intervene to prevent a more severe condition.
Management of dementia through non-pharmacological therapy and pharmacological therapy (I do not discuss pharmacologic therapy with drugs of this writing). Non-pharmacological therapy rehabilitation therapy where patients are empowered to take care of their basic needs by optimizing the ability is still there. While pharmacological therapies aimed at slowing the progression of disease in improving the function of thinking and behavior control with medication.
Nonpharmacologic therapy begins with consulting neurologist who deal with dementia to analyze the existing problems, then determined what goals you want to achieve. It depends of the type of disturbance, weight disorders, and disease processes.
Rehabilitation action is meaningless, not recommended. Many groups that offer services, but not done well. In this case the role of the family is very important in helping to slow the progression of this disease.
Rehabilitation actions tailored to the objectives to be achieved. These goals are:
1. Optimizing capacity remaining
2. Attempting to cope with behavioral problems
3. Helping a family or a caregiver by providing the right information
4. Provide support through the surrounding environment
Some of the above can I outlined the following:
A.1. Optimizing capacity remaining
1. Make a note, to help him remember. Notes can be a schedule of activities, list of important phone numbers, or other.
2. Encourage the patient walk around during the day, to prevent patients getting lost. This happens because the patient forgot the way to the bathroom.
3. Maintain a familiar environment. This will help people remain in orientation, such as tide calendars are great, bright light, wall clock with big numbers, and so on.
1. Undergoing bathing, defecating, urinating regularly, to give a sense of order to the patient.
2. Create a schedule during urination and defecation
3. Provide people with food and drink nutritious low-fat (low-fat) and fruit.
4. Encourage patients to exercise as simple as walking every morning, and other simple exercises. Avoid smoking and alcohol consumption.
1. Pairs of hearing aids in patients who have experienced hearing loss
2. Try to communicate more often. Communication is not just talking, but also by touching the hand or shoulder to help people focus.
That's the early stages of dementia treatment. Hopefully you can add insight. dimensional treatment we proceed to the next step in my next discussion.